The city of Nikolayev is located in Southern Ukraine at the confluence of the Southern Bug and Ingul rivers, about 40 miles (65 km) from the Black Sea. A leading port on the Black Sea and an important shipbuilding center, the city has an excellent harbor kept open in winter by icebreakers. Primary industries include agriculture and construction machinery. Founded in 1784 as a fortress near the site of the ancient Greek settlement of Olvia, the city was named Nikolayev in 1789 when it became a Russian naval base.
The Nikolayev community, of over half million people, personifies the image of the southern near-the-sea city charm. The city provides a rich assortment of cultural and recreational activities. With a mild climate, tender sun, picturesque views of rivers and nature, highly rated universities and schools, mix of river beaches and nature oasis, Nikolayev attracts a diverse group of residents and visitors. Late spring and summer are especially great in Nikolayev. Nikolayev is a great place for those who love sea, river and nature.